Beatitudes

Beatitudes

The Sermon on the Mount in Mt. 5-7 follows 4:25 with “great crowds.”

Matthew 5:1-2 And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him. 2 Then He opened His mouth and taught them…

Jesus separated His disciples for a conference on why folks are blessed or not.  Halfway through Chapter 7, the masses return and Jesus goes back to teaching salvation.

Chapters 5 -7 are progressive: 5 – recognizing and isolating sin; 6 – doing good things with wrong motives; 7 – pride and judging others.

The progression is: Hearing the Word (intake) = knowledge but doing the Word (output) = wisdom

The beatitudes are also progressive, from taking in to doing outwardly:

Matthew 5:3-12 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted. 5 Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. 6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled. 7 Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy. 8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. 9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. 10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 11 “Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake. 12 Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

These are paradoxical statements on how the Kingdom of Heaven invades to turn the world upside down to make it right side up.

Matthew 5:3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

This is consciousness of spiritual bankruptcy and being destitute of any claim to righteousness.  In Christ, sins are forgiven and the Kingdom of Heaven is given. 

Receive it in a bankrupt spirit as in:

Luke 18:13-14 And the tax collector, standing afar off, would not so much as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me a sinner!’ 14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone

who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”

Isaiah 66:2b “But on this one will I look: On him who is poor and of a contrite spirit, and who trembles at My word.

PARADOX: BE WEALTHY PAUPERS

Matthew 5:4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.

The New birth of v. 3 (“theirs is the Kingdom) brings the Comforter of v. 4

2 Corinthians 7:10 For godly sorrow produces repentance leading to salvation, not to be regretted; but the sorrow of the world produces death. {Shame; guilt; etc.}

Psalm 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit, a broken and a contrite heart— These, O God, You will not despise.

Jeremiah 31:13 “Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, And the young men and the old, together; For I will turn their mourning to joy, will comfort them, and make them rejoice rather than sorrow.

PARADOX: BE HAPPY MOURNERS

Matthew 5:5 Blessed are the meek, For they shall inherit the earth.

Meek inherit shows us prosperity through teachability. It is disciplined under the control of God as was Moses.  Get under the Word with a mentor you can trust. Start with:

Matthew 11:29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.

PARADOX: BE UNAGGRESSIVE CONQUERORS

Matthew 5:6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, For they shall be filled.

Meekness produces greater desire for the Word (as an infant demands milk).  You get filled at His banqueting table. Righteousness is a free gift but you must seek it:

Romans 5:17 For if by the one man’s offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)

Luke 11:9 “So I say to you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.

Filled means satisfied, so:

Ephesians 5:18 And do not be drunk with wine, in which is dissipation; but be filled with the Spirit,

When your all-consuming passion is “Thy Kingdom come”, you achieve the level of the next paradox.

PARADOX: BE LUSTING SAINTS

Verses 3-6 = taking in to the point of being “filled”; then 7ff. = spills over to give it out.

Matthew 5:7 Blessed are the merciful, For they shall obtain mercy.

The merciful get mercy (Gk. “eleos” = compassion, beneficence, tenderness, kindness). This always flows from the greater to the lesser.  You receive God’s grace to you and you give it back like water running downhill.  (Sow and reap forgiveness.)

Micah 6:8 He has shown you, O man, what is good; And what does the Lord require of you but to do justly, To love mercy, And to walk humbly with your God?

PARADOX: BE SELF-ENRICHING BENEFACTORS

Matthew 5:8 Blessed are the pure in heart, For they shall see God.

The pure in heart are those who have been merciful.  Note that giving mercy brings repulsion from men. They will reject or use you.  But, you remain forgiving – you remain pure in heart. Your motives are unadulterated and undivided.

The psalmist said, “Who may stand in His holy place?” and answered:

Psalm 24:4 He who has clean hands and a pure heart, Who has not lifted up his soul to an idol, Nor sworn deceitfully.

Matthew 6:24 “No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other…

“see God” = Jn 14 – continue in His Word (focus on heaven, not earth)

                             = Js – purify your heart you men of double mind

Not to “see” (Perceive) = can’t find God’s manifest presence.

Ps 66:18 = if I regard iniquity in my heart, my prayer is not heard.

Mk. 11:25 = unforgiveness means faith can’t work.

PARADOX: BE REALISTIC VISIONARIES (See God’s world and see God in it.)

Matthew 5:9 Blessed are the peacemakers, For they shall be called sons of God.

This is not what you get to be… but what men see in you now. In a world of money makers, troublemakers, policy makers, and war makers, you battle as a peacemaker.

PARADOX: BE MILITANT PACIFISTS

Matthew 5:10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Persecuted for righteousness sake … “Theirs is…” goes back to “poor in spirit”…and leads into:

Matthew 5:11-12 “Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake. 12 Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Jesus repeats v. 10, shifting from third to second person. This is the beatitude of maturity: reconciliation; ambassador for Christ; competent ministers of the new covenant; etc.  After in, in, in, there is out, out, out… 

Adults produce babies; babies produce dirty diapers.

1 Peter 4:14 If you are reproached for the name of Christ, blessed are you, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you. On their part He is blasphemed, but on your part He is glorified.

2 Corinthians 2:15-16 For we are to God the fragrance of Christ among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing. 16 To the one we are the aroma of death leading to death, and to the other the aroma of life leading to life…

PARADOX: BE WINNING LOSERS

Reviled and persecuted for Jesus sake = blessed; so rejoice and be glad for your reward is great.

Revelation 2:10 Do not fear any of those things which you are about to suffer. Indeed, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and you will have tribulation ten days. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.

2 Timothy 4:8 Finally, there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will give to me on that Day, and not to me only but also to all who have loved His appearing.

These are signals of absolute victory over death (life) and over sin (righteousness)! You receive them now (as with Jesus who, in Rev., receives a crown and then goes forth to conquer!  You have the victory over sin and the grave.

2 Corinthians 4:17–18 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, is working for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory, 18 while we do not look at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen. For the things which are seen are temporary, but the things which are not seen are eternal.

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